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August 24, 2021
We have previously talked about quite a few hydrating ingredients, such as glycerin, beta-glucan, panthenol, aloe vera and hyaluronic acid (click the ingredient names to check out all the deeds!). Today, let’s add one to the list, which you may be unfamiliar or even unaware of——Sodium PCA.
Sodium PCA is the salt form of pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (or sometimes called pyroglutamic acid or proline), which is an amino acid. It is a natural component of the skin created through the breakdown of the filaggrin within corneocytes that helps with attracting water to the skin, preventing moisture loss, and blocking out bacteria and allergens. Natural PCA levels make up approximately 12 percent of the skin’s natural moisturizing factor (or NMF), but they can drop considerably with age.
As a humectant, Sodium PCA can hold only up to 250 times it weight in water, which is considerably much less than hyaluronic acid’s 1,000 times, however, it is more expensive as an ingredient, because it can provide other skin benefits that hyaluronic acid can’t. In addition, it is extremely non-irritating, and there's no evidence of it causing sensitivity even in super high concentrations of 40%-50% (although it is never used in such high concentration), making it safe for the most sensitive, inflammatory skin types.
Typically used in a concentration range of 0.2 to 2.5% in skincare products, Sodium PCA attracts water from the surrounding air to the top layers of the skin and cells, thanks to its hygroscopic nature. Since Sodium PCA is also a main component of the NMF, not only can it increase the natural moisturising factor in the skin which declines with age, it also locks in hydration, prevents water loss and helps maintain optimal hydration level. In fact, studies demonstrated that 2% of Sodium PCA in a skincare product can notably reduce dehydration and dryness.
Immersion Serum Concentrate <- Click to shop
Besides having a wide range of ultra hydrating ingredients, including Green Tea Water, Aloe Vera Leaf Juice, Glycerin, Sodium PCA, Sodium Hyaluronate, the serum is also packed with 3 forms of Peptides to stimulate collagen synthesis and micro-circulation, improve skin barrier and hydration, reduce wrinkles and inflammation, regenerate collagen fibers, and rejuvenate skin. Whilst, Niacinamide, Reishi, Gotu Kola, White Tea and Chamomile etc. are added to brighten, fight free radicals, hydrate and soothe.
Different from how oils and lipids make up the lipid barrier, Sodium PCA functions in the skin’s intracellular matrix like a glue that holds the cells together, thereby preventing the lipid barrier from breaking apart. This helps prevent water loss and the growth of bacteria and allergens on the skin, and thus subsequently reduces the chances of clogged pores, acne, and inflammatory issues like redness, itchiness, eczema and dermatitis.
Ultra Revitalising Elixir <- Click to shop
With a base of rare distilled Mallow, 5% Niacinamide and Panthenol, and ingredients including Saccharide Hydrolysate, Sodium PCA, Saccharide Isomerate, Allantoin, Rice Starch, as well as precious botanicals, this powerful yet gentle formula provides long-lasting hydration, soothes irritations, improves the skin's natural barrier and water retention function, reduces inflammations, fights free radicals, pollution and allergens, whilst brightening and repairing the skin.
When the skin is exposed to any form of pathogen and toxin, the first line of defence is provided by the microbiome i.e. the delicate balance of good and bad bacteria on the skin, as it drives our immune system. Unlike many skincare ingredients that can disrupt this balance, Sodium PCA protects it, thereby preventing and controlling inflammation.
Now, in its simplest form, eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that involves an impaired, unhealthy skin barrier, an unbalance of skin microbiome, and our immune system’s reaction to external aggressors. Studies have found that after two weeks of regular application, Sodium PCA when combined with other barrier repairing ingredients reduced common symptoms of eczema such as irritation, roughness, inflammation and itching, while textural symptoms reduced by 79% and skin hydration levels increased by 44%.
In fact, this quality makes it more attractive than Hyaluronic Acid, as studies have shown that when Hyaluronic Acid is broken down into very low molecular weight ( ≤ 25 kDA) or nano-sized, it can potentially pull bacteria and other unwanted ingredients more deeply into the skin (see why Hyaluronic Acid May Make Your Skin Worse)
The Pure Wonder Active Serum 55% <- Click to shop
This watery serum is enriched with 55% concentrated AYM, the brand's core brightening skincare complex that features traditional Korean herbs like Deer Antler Velvet and Cornus Extract to visibly brighten, even skin tone, lighten hyperpigmentation and dark spots, increase transparency, and restore radiance. Together with Niacinamide, White Mushroom Polysaccharide, Acetylhexapeptide-8, Amino Acids, Sodium PCA, Ceramide NP, and Hydrolyzed Collagen etc., it also provides long-lasting hydration, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging effects, as well as stimulate collagen and elastin synthesis, to smooth wrinkles and revitalize skin.
Clear Beginning Hand Spray <- Click to shop
Formulated with 0.1% Benzalkonium Chloride, an ingredient shown to be effective against coronaviruses at 0.05% as recommended by the Singapore Government's National Environment Agency, and deemed eligible by US FDA for use in healthcare personnel hand rubs. This hand sanitizer is also packed with skin-friendly ingredients, such as Squalane, Sodium PCA and Vitamin B5, to help leave the skin protected while feeling soft and moisturised without any sticky residue, making it the perfect hand sanitizer for those with sensitive, fragile, damaged, eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis skin. Individually lab-tested against bacteria, fungi and yeasts.
When it comes to anti-aging, dealing with collagen and elastin breakdown, photoaging, and free radicals are only part of the equation. As mentioned above, natural PCA is estimated to make up approximately 12 percent of the NMF in healthy, youthful skin. However, as it depletes with age and from routine exposure to sensitizing substances, such as foaming cleanser and drying alcohol, the skin will become drier and with visible signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles. By topically applying Sodium PCA on the skin thus replenishing the skin’s NMF content, such visible signs of aging will be reduced, leaving skin appear smoother, firmer and more hydrated.
Artemisia Power Protection Moisturiser SPF50+ <- Click to shop
This 100% natural, mineral based SPF50+ day cream's non-greasy formula provides daily SPF 50+ protection with non-nano zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, whilst its hydrating, moisturizing and antioxidants properties like White Genepì, Butterfly Bush, Sodium PCA, Sodium Hyaluronate and Sunflower Seed Oil supports the skin’s hydration, improves water retention, replenishes key lipids and fights free radicals. The skin is left soothed, supple, comfortable and plumped with a matte finish, which makes it a great makeup base too!
September 21, 2021
September 14, 2021
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